The three scenarios of "Our New Europe" correspond with the three most frequently discussed visions for Europe. They are based on the following assumptions:
Business as usual!
An ever closer Union:
"There's no alternative!"
"Brussels" (i.e., the vast majority of the EU elites, politicians and its administration) continues to strive for an ever closer, more centralized, politically integrated and bigger Union; finally, for a global power, the United States of Europe.
As up to now, the citizens shall not have a say on Europe's future in EU-wide referenda. Even national referenda regarding Europe must, if possible be avoided; inappropriate results shall be ignored or corrected.
Additional powers can thus more easily be transferred from member countries to "Brussels", e.g. to create a common economic and financial government for the Euro zone (with a EU tax and transfer payments), as well as common European refugee, foreign and defence policies.
There is no way back from the EU+!
Leave the Union!
"We want our country back!"
EU opponents do not believe that the EU can or wants to be reformed. They therefore want the UK to leave the EU and to regain national independence - especially to be able to create its own laws and to negociate free trade agreements worldwide.
In the referendum arranged by Prime Minister Cameron on 23.6.2016, the UK's citizens decided to leave the EU (Brexit) - which is still vigorously rejected not only by the EU, but also by the British parliament, dominated by a majority of Brexit opponents. After more than 3½ years of chaotic negotiations, the future of Brexit remains uncertain.
In the face of these devastating experiences, the EU's opponents still want an authentic Brexit in the UK and the deconstruction of the EU into a Europe of Fatherlands by winning new majorities in the EU.
A new Europe through referenda!
Diverse, democratic, open for all!
EU critics and skeptics want the EU to become more flexible, decentralized and more democratic.
In this scenario EU*, the citizens all over Europe shall decide in referenda, which role they as citizens want to play in this Europe.
In particular, if they want to have the last word on all important European issues, e.g. if their country should adhere to a politically integrated core EU, or to the European common market/economic area (including the free movement of goods, services and capital, but not of people, and without the Euro), or to a large European free trade zone, open to all European countries; - but also on immigration, communication, transport, culture, research, education, health, etc.
Millions of convinced dedicated Europeans can thus create a new, diverse, democratic Europe!