The EU has for years been shaken by crises (Euro, refugees, Brexit, Ukraine / Russia, Corona,...) and is increasingly and directly threatened by its opponents and EU critical political parties. The Union is seriously divided between countries in Northern and Southern, Eastern and Western Europe. Badly needed reforms fail time and again because of internal quarrels and the lacking willingness to compromise in "Brussels".
The EU has only one answer to all these problems: it asks for ever more power to take on a leading role in the world, as soon as possible, as the United States of Europe (USE). In this context, direct democracy and referenda are useless for "Brussels", since they not only would block its integration process, claimed to be "without any alternative", but also would "overwhelm" us citizens anyway.
So if we really want a new, democratic, diverse Europe, in which we responsible citizens have the last word by means of referenda, we urgently need a politically convincing bottom-up strategy - an impressive, peaceful demonstration of our tremendous direct-democratic power that will sweep away the fiercest resistance from politicians in Brussels and across Europe - in three steps:
I. Corona's chance: Our new Europe online
The Corona crisis is a huge opportunity for Europe and for us citizens:
The climate crisis, too, can only be solved on a global level! The apocalyptic radical measures, demanded by Greta Thunberg and the Climate Youth, are realistically not feasible on a sustainable basis - except in a dictatorship! And the gigantic annual global UN climate conferences have not achieved a lot - except well-soundig promises!
Yet, the climate crisis also can be used as a chance, provided we responsible, emancipated citizens throughout the world (starting in the industrialized countries) get involved actively and at all levels in an effective and efficient, decentralized and subsidiary global climate program:
The citizens throughout Europe, incl. the British, can vote, in our new Europe, in a first pan-European Referendum on their country's role in Europe, i.e. in the politically integrated core Europe, in the European common market, or simply in a vast European free trade zone.
EU opponents and Brexiteers, who want their country to take part in the prosperous economic European cooperation, will also vote for our new Europe.
A European Union for Refugees consisting of like-minded European countries, reinforced by voluntary agreements with other European countries and with countries of origin and of transit of the refugees, will be the basis for an effective, democratic common European refugee policy, respecting both the needs of the refugees and the very different potentials and wishes of the participating countries.
EU proponents, opponents and critica can support such a flexible Union for Refugees.
A close Economic, Fiscal and Monetary Union (EEU), with its own budget, transfer payments from rich to poor countries within the core Europe, and revenue sharing, shall stabilize, legitimize and provide the necessary legal support to the Euro.
Countries that do not want to join this Union, shall have the possibility to participate at a European free trade zone or at the European common market / economic area (EEA), including the free movement of goods, services and captital, but without the free movement of people and without the Euro). Economic cooperation and free trade will bring prosperity and stability throughout the continent.
Both EU advocates and EU opponents and critics can support this comprehensive, flexible economic cooperation in Europe.
A common European Foreign, Security and Defence Policy of willing countries shall strengthen Europe's position on a global level. All European countries shall contribute according to their citizens' decisions.
The conflict in the Ukraine shall be settled, with the help of Russia and Europe, and possibly the USA. The Crimeans shall be given the opportunity to vote in an internationally controlled referendum on their belonging to Russia or to the Ukraine. The Ukrainians shall vote on their country's future, for instance as a neutral, federal (decentralized) state in a large European free trade zone from Reykjavik to Vladivostok, serving as a bridge between Estern and Western Europe that will peace and prosperity to the whole region.
Europe, Russia and the USA, too, should accept these referenda and, if necessary, guarantee them.
Our new, diverse, democratic Europe has to be created democratically, bottom-up - with us citizens. It has to be based on a new Constitution. This Constitution will be deliberated and adopted by a Constitutional Council, elected by the citizens in all participating countries, who will then ratify it and put it into force in a referendum.
The new Constitution defines direct democracy in a flexible and subsidiary Community of free, sovereign European States (CES) with variable geometry, including: A politically integrated European economic, fiscal and monetary union (EEU); a European common market / new economic area (EEA); a vast free-trade union; an effective, efficient and humanitarian European refugee union; and a common European foreign, security and defence policy of the willing countries.
Decisive for this democratic, diverse Europe are constitutionally defined rights and duties of the citizens and the principles of subsidiarity and federalism (according to the German definition for a decentralized country, a confederation). In this regard, the draft at hand relies especially on the Swiss Constitution.
Compared to to-day’s Switzerland, the CES however will be:
In comparison with today's EU, the CES is:
Constitution for a new Europe - Preamble
“To create a democratic and diverse, strong and peaceful, prospering, sustainable and subsidiary, free and fair Europe, open to all European countries, the citizens of the participating States adopt the following Constitution of a Community of European States (CES): ...”
Referenda are the royal route to the absolutely necessary mutual trust between Europe and us citizens - because:
Nothing strengthens the interest of us citizens in Europe, our commitment to Europe, our sense of belonging together and our democratic responsibility, as well as our certainty to be taken seriously by Europe, like regular constitutionally determined referenda, in which we citizens can decide (after open, fair, instructive, often fierce yet always respectful campaigns) all essential European issues!
On the other hand, nothing frustrates us more than politicians who ignore, disregard, reject, launch or misuse referenda for their own purposes and careers, or even repeat them, until the results suit them!
Every attempt by "Brussels" and politicians all over Europe, therefore, to impose or extort their increasingly powerful, ever more centralized Europe top-down, without us citizens, e.g. with a non-democratic constitution (2005) or with a multi-billion solidarity fund (2020) was and still is doomed to fail!
Neither will there be a new democratic, diverse, prospering and sustainable Europe, nor a European peace project, nor a community of common European values, without mutual trust between us citizens and Europe, without politicians who take us seriously as their souvereigns - and, above all, without many millions of us, empowered citizens and convinced Europeans, ready to assume our crucial responsibility for Europe, and firmly determined never to give up!
Fighting with Damocles' sword!
This army of many millions of empowered, critical, responsible citizens and convinced Europeans across Europe ensures the rapid and democratic implementation of our new Europe, by means of permanently threatening referenda: